Autism Spectrum Disorder [Infographic]

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by deficits in language acquisition and social communication. The disorder is referred to as a “spectrum,” as individuals can exhibit a wide range of symptoms. Symptoms appear early in life between 2- 3 years of age. Contrary to popular belief, ASD is not caused by vaccines. Learn more about the disorder from these resources: National Professional Development Center on Autism Spectrum Disorder, World Health Organization: Autism Spectrum Disorders, National Institute of Mental Health: Autism Spectrum Disorder, and Autism Science Foundation.

Autism Spectrum Disorder Infographic. Illustrated by Rajamani Selvam with content contributed by Joel Frohlich.

Learn more about this spectrum in our other infographic on ASD. What questions do you have about autism spectrum disorder? Leave them in the comments below.

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— Written by Joel Frohlich and Rajamani Selvam. Illustrated by Rajamani Selvam.

References:
  • American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5®). American Psychiatric Pub.
  • Baio, J. (2014). Prevalence of autism spectrum disorder among children aged 8 years-autism and developmental disabilities monitoring network, 11 sites, United States, 2010.
  • Treffert, D. A. (2009). The savant syndrome: an extraordinary condition. A synopsis: past, present, future. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 364(1522), 1351-1357.
  • Bolognani, F., del Valle Rubido, M., Squassante, L., Wandel, C., Derks, M., Murtagh, L., … & Fontoura, P. (2019). A phase 2 clinical trial of a vasopressin V1a receptor antagonist shows improved adaptive behaviors in men with autism spectrum disorder. Science translational medicine, 11(491), eaat7838.

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Rajamani Selvam

Rajamani Selvam recently completed her PhD in Neuroscience. Her research focused on understanding the interactions between growth factors and endocannabinoids in modulating acute synaptic transmission in the brain. She is interested in a career in medical communications. She is passionate about communicating STEM education to middle and high schoolers. She is also a mentor for 1000 girls 1000 futures program and Freedom English Academy. Away from science, she is an artist and enjoys leisure travel.

Latest posts by Rajamani Selvam (see all)

Rajamani Selvam

Rajamani Selvam recently completed her PhD in Neuroscience. Her research focused on understanding the interactions between growth factors and endocannabinoids in modulating acute synaptic transmission in the brain. She is interested in a career in medical communications. She is passionate about communicating STEM education to middle and high schoolers. She is also a mentor for 1000 girls 1000 futures program and Freedom English Academy. Away from science, she is an artist and enjoys leisure travel.

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